Nine Commentaries on the Chinese Communist Party: Part 2b

<i>The Epoch Times</i> Staff

PureInsight | December 13, 2004

The Beginnings of the Chinese Communist Party

II. The CCP's Dishonorable Foundation

The CCP lays claim to a brilliant history, one that has seen victory after victory. This is merely an attempt to prettify itself and glorify the CCP's image in the eyes of the public. As a matter of fact, the CCP has no glory to advertise at all. Only by using the nine inherited evil traits could it establish and maintain power.

Establishment of the CCP—Raised on the Breast of the Soviet Union

"With the report of the first canon during the October Revolution, it brought us Marxism and Leninism." That was how the Party portrayed itself to the people. However, when the Party was first founded, it was just the Asian branch of the Soviet Union. From the beginning, it was a traitorous party.

During the founding period of the Party, they had no money, no ideology, nor any experience. They had no foundation upon which to support themselves. The CCP joined the Comintern to link its destiny with the existing violent revolution. The CCP's violent revolution was just a descendent of Marx and Lenin's revolution. The CCP was simply an eastern branch of Soviet Communism, carrying out the imperialism of the Russian Red Army. The Soviet Union secretly directed the Chinese violent political takeover and its ensuing overthrow of the existing political and organizational ideology. Through the use of extreme surveillance and control measures, the Soviet Union was the backbone and patron of the CCP.

The Comintern formulated the CCP constitution established at the first CCP conference. The manifestos of Marx and Lenin, the ideology of class from Soviet Party principles, provided its fundamental basis. The soul of the CCP consists of ideology imported from the Soviet Union. Chen Duxiu, one of the foremost officials of the CCP, had different opinions from those of the international Communist committee representative, Maring. Maring wrote a memo to Chen stating that if Chen were a real member of the Communist Party, he must follow orders from the Comintern. Even though Chen Duxiu was one of the CCP's founding fathers, he could do nothing but listen and obey orders. Truly, he and his Party were simply subordinates of the Soviet Union.

During the third CCP conference in 1923, Chen Duxiu publicly acknowledged that the Party was funded almost entirely by contributions from the Soviet Comintern. In one year, the committee contributed over 200,000 yuan to the CCP, with unsatisfactory results. The Comintern accused the CCP of not being diligent enough in their efforts.

According to declassified Party documents, the CCP received 16,655 Chinese yuan from October 1921 to June 1922. In 1924 they received US$1,500 and 31,927.17 yuan, and in 1927 they received 187,674 yuan. The monthly contribution from the Comintern averaged around 20,000 yuan. Tactics commonly used by the CCP today, such as lobbying, going through the backdoor, offering bribes, and using threats, were already in use back then. The Comintern accused the CCP of continuously lobbying for funds.

"They have different organizations (International Communications Office, representatives for the Comintern, and military organizations, etc.) to disburse funds each time…the funny thing is, it doesn't take long for our comrade representatives to understand the psychology of our Soviet comrades. Most importantly, they know in what situation and which comrade will be more likely to approve the funding. Once they know that they won't be able to get it, they delay meetings. In the end they use the cruelest methods, like spreading rumors that some grass-root officials have conflicts with the Soviets, and that money is being given to warlords instead of the CCP."

The First KMT and CCP Alliance—A Parasite Infiltrates to the Core and Sabotages the Northern Expedition [12]

The CCP has always taught its people that Chiang Kai-shek betrayed the National Revolution movement [13], forcing the CCP to rise in armed revolt.

In reality, the CCP behaved like a parasite. It cooperated with the KMT in the first KMT-CCP alliance for the sake of expanding its influence by taking advantage of the national revolution. Moreover, the CCP was eager to launch the Soviet-supported revolution and seize power, and its desire for power in fact destroyed and betrayed the National Revolution movement.

At the second national representatives conference of the CCP, held in July 1922, those opposing the alliance with the KMT dominated the conference, because the conference members were anxious to seize power. However, the Comintern in fact controlled events behind the scenes, and vetoed the resolution reached in the conference; it ordered the CCP to join the KMT.

During the first KMT-CCP alliance, the CCP held its fourth national representatives conference in Shanghai in January 1925. At that time, the CCP had only 994 members, but the Party raised the question of leadership in China. Chiang Kai-shek was not the cause of the CCP revolt. Had Sun Yat-sen [14] not died, he would have been the target the CCP aimed at in its quest for power.

With the support of the Soviet Union, the CCP seized political power inside the KMT during its alliance with the CCP. Tang Pingshan became the minister of the Central Personnel Department of the KMT. Feng Jupo, secretary of the Ministry of Labor, was granted full power to deal with all labor-related affairs. Lin Zuhan was the Minister of Rural Affairs, while Peng Pai was secretary of this Ministry. Mao Zedong assumed the position of acting propaganda minister of the KMT Propaganda Ministry. The military schools and leadership of the military were always the focus of the CCP: Zhou Enlai held the position of director of the Politics Department of the Huangpu (Whampoa) Military Academy, and Zhang Shenfu was its associate director. Zhou Enlai was also Chief of the Judge Advocates Section, and he planted Russian military advisers here and there. Many Communists held the positions of political instructors and faculty in KMT military schools. CCP members also served as KMT Party representatives at various levels of the National Revolutionary Army. [15] It was also stipulated that without a Party representative's signature, no order would be deemed effective. As a result of this parasitic attachment to the National Revolution movement, the number of the CCP members increased drastically from less than 1000 in 1925 to 30,000 by 1928.

The Northern Expedition started in February of 1926. However, from October 1926 to March 1927, the CCP launched three armed rebellions in Shanghai. Later, it attacked the Northern Expedition military headquarters but failed. Zhou Enlai, who used the alias Wu Hao, was caught and later released after he published his repentance and acknowledged his wrongdoings. The pickets for the general strikes in Guangdong province engaged in violent conflicts with the police every day, and the KMT reinforced the police patrol with army soldiers and in the meantime dispatched secret agents to monitor the people who were agitating the masses. Such uprisings caused the April 12 purge of the CCP by the KMT. [16]

In August 1927, the CCP members within the KMT Revolutionary Army initiated the Nanchang Rebellion, which was quickly suppressed. In September, the CCP launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising to attack Changsha, but that attack was suppressed as well. The CCP began to implement a network of control in the army whereby "Party branches are established at the level of the company," and it fled to the Jinggangshan area, establishing rule over the countryside there.

The Hunan Peasant Rebellion—Inciting the Scum of Society to Revolt

During the Northern Expedition, the CCP instigated rebellions in the rural areas in an attempt to capture power, while the National Revolutionary Army was at war with the warlords.

The Hunan Peasant Rebellion in 1927 was a revolt of the riffraff, the scum of society, as was the famous Paris Commune of 1871—the first Communist revolt. French nationals and foreigners in Paris at the time witnessed that the Paris Commune was a group of destructive roving bandits, having no vision. Living in exquisite buildings and large mansions and eating extravagant and luxurious meals, they cared only about enjoying their momentary happiness and worried about nothing ahead. During the rebellion of the Paris Commune, they censored the Press. They took as hostage and later shot the Archbishop of Paris, Georges Darboy, who gave sermons to the King. For their personal enjoyment they cruelly killed 64 clergymen, set fire to palaces, and destroyed government offices, private residences, monuments, and inscription columns. The wealth and beauty of the French capital had been second to none in Europe. However, during the Paris Commune uprising, buildings were reduced to ashes and people to skeletons. Such atrocities and cruelty had rarely been seen throughout history.

As Mao Zedong admitted, "It is true the peasants are in a sense unruly in the countryside. Supreme in authority, the peasant association allowed the landlord no say and sweeps away his prestige. This amounts to striking the landlord down to the dust and keeping him there. The peasants threaten, 'We will put you on the other list (the list of reactionaries)!' They fine the local tyrants and evil gentry, they demand contributions from them, and they smash their sedan-chairs. People swarm into the houses of local tyrants and evil gentry who are against the peasant association, slaughter their pigs and consume their grain. They even loll on the ivory-inlaid beds belonging to the young ladies in the households. At the slightest provocation they make arrests, crown the arrested with tall paper hats, and parade them through the village, saying, "You dirty landlords, now you know who we are!" Doing whatever they like and turning everything upside down, they have created a kind of terror in the countryside."

But Mao gave such "unruly" actions a full approval, saying, "To put it bluntly, it is necessary to create terror for a while in every rural area, or otherwise it would be impossible to suppress the activities of the counter-revolutionary in the countryside or overthrow the authority of the gentry. Proper limits have to be exceeded in order to right the wrong, or else the wrong cannot be righted... Many of their deeds in the period of revolutionary action, which were seen as going too far, were in fact the very things the revolution required."[4]

Communist revolution creates a system of terror.

The "Anti-Japanese" North-Bound Operation—the Flight of the Defeated

The CCP labeled the "Long March" as a northbound anti-Japanese operation. It trumpeted the "Long March" as a Chinese revolutionary fairy tale. It claimed that the "Long March" was a "manifesto," a "propaganda team" and a "seeding machine," which ended with the CCP's victory and their enemies' defeat.

The CCP fabricated such obvious lies about marching north to fight the Japanese to cover its failures. From October 1933 to January 1934, the Communist Party suffered a total defeat. In the fifth operation by the KMT, which aimed to encircle and annihilate the CCP, the CCP lost its rural strongholds one after another. With its base areas continually shrinking, the main Red Army had to flee. This is the true origin of the "Long March."

The "Long March" was in fact aimed at breaking out of the encirclement and fleeing to Outer Mongolia and Soviet Russia along an arc that first went west and then north. Once in place, the CCP could escape into the Soviet Union in case of defeat. The CCP encountered great difficulties when en route towards Outer Mongolia. They chose to go through Shanxi and Suiyuan. On the one hand by marching through these northern provinces, they could claim to be "anti-Japanese" and win people's hearts. On the other hand, those areas were safe as no Japanese troops were deployed there. The territory along the Great Wall was occupied by the Japanese army. A year later, when the CCP finally arrived at Shanbei (northern Shaanxi province), the main force of the Central Red Army had decreased from 80,000 to 6,000 people.

The Xi'an Incident—the CCP Latches onto the KMT a Second Time

In December 1936, Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng, two KMT generals, kidnapped Chiang Kai-shek in Xi'an. This has since been referred to as the Xi'an Incident.

According to the version of history presented in CCP textbooks, the Xi'an Incident was a "military coup" initiated by Zhang and Yang, who delivered a life or death ultimatum to Chiang Kai-shek. He was forced to take a stance against the Japanese invaders. Zhou Enlai was reportedly invited to Xi'an as a CCP representative to help negotiate a peaceful resolution. With different groups in China mediating, the incident was resolved peacefully, thereby ending a civil war of ten years and starting a unified national alliance against the Japanese. The CCP history books say that this incident was a crucial turning point for China in her crisis. The CCP depicts itself as the patriotic party that takes the interests of the whole nation into account.

In fact, at the beginning of the incident, the leaders of the CCP wanted to kill Chiang Kai-shek, avenging his earlier suppression of the CCP. At the time, the CCP had a very weak base in northern Shaanxi province, and had been in danger of being completely eliminated in a single battle. So the CCP, utilizing all its acquired skills of deception, instigated Zhang and Yang to revolt. In order to pin down the Japanese and prevent them from attacking the Soviet Union, Stalin wrote to the Central Committee of the CCP, asking them not to kill Chiang Kai-shek, but to cooperate with him for a second time. Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai realized that they could not destroy the KMT with the limited strength of the CCP; even if they killed Chiang Kai-shek, they would be defeated and even eliminated by the avenging KMT army. Under these circumstances, the CCP changed its tone. The CCP demanded joint resistance against the Japanese and forced Chiang Kai-shek to accept cooperation a second time.

Many CCP spies had already gathered around Yang Hucheng and Zhang Xueliang before the Xi'an Incident. One example was the underground CCP member Liu Ding, who was introduced to Zhang Xueliang by Song Qingling, wife of Sun Yat-sen, a sister of Madame Chiang and a CCP member. Liu played such an important role in instigating the Xi'an Incident that Mao Zedong later praised his outstanding service. Among those working at Yang Hucheng's side, his own wife Xie Baozhen was a CCP member and worked in Yang's Political Department of the Army. Xie married Yang Hucheng in January of 1928 with the approval of the CCP. In addition, CCP member Wang Bingnan was an honored guest in Yang's home at the time. Wang later became a vice minister for the CCP Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It was these CCP members around Yang and Zhang who directly instigated the coup.

The CCP first instigated a revolt, pointing the gun at Chiang Kai-shek, but then turned around and, acting like a stage hero, forced him to accept the CCP. In such a way the CCP not only escaped a crisis of disintegration, but also used the opportunity to latch onto the KMT government for the second time. The Red Army was soon turned into the Eighth Route Army, bigger and more powerful than before. One must admire the CCP's unmatchable skills of deception.

Anti-Japanese War—The CCP Grows by Killing with Borrowed Weapons

The textbooks of the CCP claim that the Communist Party led the Chinese victory in the anti-Japanese war.

In reality, however, when the anti-Japanese war broke out, the KMT had more than 1.7 million armed soldiers, ships with 110,000 tons displacement, and about 600 fighter planes of various kinds. In comparison, the total size of the CCP's New Fourth Army, newly grouped in November of 1937, did not exceed 70,000 people, and its power was weakened further by internal fractional politics. The CCP realized that if it were to face battle with the Japanese, its power would be diminished. In the eyes of the CCP, sustaining its own power rather than ensuring the survival of the nation was the central focus of the emphasis on "national unity." Therefore, during its cooperation with the KMT, the CCP exercised an undisclosed internal policy of giving priority to the struggle for political power.

After the Japanese occupied the city of Shenyang on September 18, 1931, thereby extending their control over large areas in northeastern China, the CCP fought practically shoulder to shoulder with Japanese invaders to defeat the KMT. In a declaration written in response to the Japanese occupation, the CCP exhorted the people in the KMT-controlled area to rebel, calling on "workers to strike, peasants to make trouble, students to boycott classes, poor people to quit working, soldiers to revolt" so as to overthrow the Nationalist government.

Though the CCP held up a banner calling for resistance to the Japanese, they only had local armies and guerrilla forces in camps away from the front lines. Except for several battles, including the one fought at Pingxing Pass, the CCP did not make much of a contribution to the war against the Japanese. Instead, they spent their energy expanding their own base. When the Japanese surrendered, the CCP incorporated the surrendering soldiers into its army, claiming to have expanded to more than 900,000 regular soldiers, in addition to 2 million militia fighters. The KMT army was essentially alone on the frontlines while fighting the Japanese, losing over 200 generals in the war. The commanding officers on the CCP side, however, bore nearly no losses. Even so, the CCP constantly claimed that the KMT did not resist the Japanese, and that it was the CCP that led the great victory in the anti-Japanese war.

Rectification in Yan'an—Creating the Most Fearsome Methods in Persecution

The CCP attracted countless patriotic youth to Yan'an in the name of fighting against the Japanese, but then persecuted thousands of them during the rectification movement enacted on what became known as "revolutionary holy land." Since gaining control of China, the CCP has continued to depict Yan'an as the revolutionary "holy land," but has not made any mention of the crimes it committed during the rectification.

The rectification movement in Yan'an was the largest, darkest and most ferocious power game ever played out in the human world. In the name of cleansing petty bourgeoisie toxins, the Party washed away morality, independence of thought, freedom of action, tolerance, and dignity. The first step of the rectification was to set up, for each person, personnel archives, which included: 1) a personal statement; 2) a chronicle of one's political life; 3) family background and social relationships; 4) autobiography and ideological transformation; 5) evaluation according to the Party principles.

In the personnel archive, one had to list all acquaintances since birth, all important events and the time and place of their occurrence. People were asked to write repeatedly for the archive, and any omissions would be seen as signs of impurity. One had to describe all social activities they had ever participated in, especially those related to joining the Party. The emphasis was placed on personal thought processes during these social activities. Evaluation based on Party principles was even more important, and one had to confess any anti-Party thoughts or behavior in one's consciousness, speech, work attitudes, everyday life, or social activities. In evaluation of one's consciousness, one was required to scrutinize whether one had been concerned for self-interest, whether one had used work for the Party to reach personal goals, whether one had wavered in trust in the revolutionary future, feared death during battles, or missed family members and spouses. There were no objective standards, so nearly everyone was found to have problems.

Coercion was used to extract "confessions" from cadres who were being inspected in order to eliminate "hidden traitors." Countless frame-ups, false and wrong accusations resulted, and a large number of cadres were persecuted. During the rectification, Yan'an was called "a place for purging human nature." A work team entered the University of Military Affairs and Politics to examine the cadres' personal histories, causing bloody terror for two months. Various methods were used to extract confessions. People were ordered to confess and shown how to confess. There were "group persuasions," "five-minute persuasions," private advice, conference reports, and identifying the "radishes" (i.e., red outside and white inside). There was also "picture taking"—lining up everyone on the stage for examination. Those who appeared nervous were identified as suspects and targeted as objects to be investigated.

Even representatives from the Comintern recoiled at the methods used during the rectification, saying that the Yan'an situation was depressing. People did not dare interact with one another. Each person had their own axe to grind and everyone was nervous and frightened. No one dared to speak the truth or protect mistreated friends, because each was trying to save his own life. The vicious—those who flattered, lied, and insulted others—were promoted; humiliation became a fact of life in Yan'an. People were pushed to the brink of insanity, having been forced to abandon dignity, a sense of honor or shame, and love for one another. They ceased to express their own opinions, but recited party leaders' articles instead.

This same system of oppression has been employed in all CCP political activities since it seized power in China.

Three Years of Civil War—Betraying the Country to Seize Power

The Russian bourgeois revolution in February 1917 was a relatively mild uprising. The Tsar placed the interests of the country first and surrendered the throne instead of resisting. Lenin hurriedly returned to Russia from Germany, staged another coup and murdered the revolutionaries of the capitalist class who had overthrown the Tsar, thus strangling Russia's bourgeois revolution. The CCP, like Lenin, picked the fruits of a nationalist revolution. After the anti-Japanese war was over, the CCP launched a revolutionary war to overthrow the KMT government, bringing the disaster of war to China once more.

The CCP is adept at manipulating the masses. In several battles with the KMT, including those fought in Liaoxi-Shenyang, Beijing-Tianjin, and Huai Hai, the CCP used primitive, barbarous, and inhumane tactics that sacrificed its own people. When besieging Changchun, in order to exhaust the food supply in the city, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) forbade ordinary people from leaving the city. During the two months of Changchun's besiegement, nearly 200,000 people died of hunger and frost. But the PLA did not allow people to leave. After the battle was over, the CCP, without a tinge of shame, claimed that they had "liberated Changchun without firing a shot."

From 1947 to 1948, the CCP signed the "Harbin Agreement" and the "Moscow Agreement" with the Soviet Union, surrendering national assets and giving away resources from the Northeast in exchange for the Soviet Union's full support in foreign relations and military affairs. According to the agreements, the Soviet Union would supply the CCP with airplanes; it would give the CCP weapons left by the surrendered Japanese in two installments; and it would sell the Soviet-controlled ammunition and military supplies in China's Northeast to the CCP at low prices. If the KMT launched an amphibious landing in the Northeast, the Soviet Union would secretly support the CCP army. In addition, the Soviet Union would help the CCP gain control over Xinjiang; the CCP and the Soviet Union would build an allied air force; the Soviets would help equip 11 divisions of the CCP army, and transport one-third of its US-supplied weapons (worth $13 billion) into Northeast China.

To gain Soviet support, the CCP promised the Soviet Union special transportation privileges in the Northeast both on land and in the air; offered the Soviet Union information about the actions of both the KMT government and the US military; provided the Soviet Union with products from the Northeast (cotton, soybeans) and military supplies in exchange for advanced weapons; granted the Soviet Union preferential mining rights in China; allowed the Soviet Union to station armies in the Northeast and Xinjiang; and permitted the Soviets to set up the Far East Intelligence Bureau in China. If war broke out in Europe, the CCP would send an expeditionary army of 100,000 plus 2 million laborers to support the Soviet Union. In addition, the CCP promised to merge some special regions in Liaoning province into North Korea if necessary.

III. Demonstrating Evil Traits

Eternal Fear Marks the Party's History

The most prominent characteristic of the CCP is its eternal fear, especially its fear of losing power. Survival has been the CCP's highest interest, which it has supported with the use of force. The CCP is like a primary cancer cell that diffuses and infiltrates every part of body, encroaching on and making surrounding normal cells become cancerous. In our cycle of history, society cannot dissolve such a mutated factor as the CCP and has no alternative but to let it proliferate at will. As a result, much of society has become polluted, and large areas have been flooded with Communism or communist elements. The spreading of the CCP has fundamentally degraded the morality and society of humankind.

The CCP doesn't believe in the principles of morality and justice. All of its principles are used entirely for its own interest. It is fundamentally selfish, and there are no principles that could restrain and control its desires. Based on its own principles, the Party needs to keep changing how it appears on the surface, putting on new skins. During the early period when its survival was at stake, the CCP attached to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to the KMT, to the KMT's governing body, and to the National Revolution. After capturing power, the CCP attached itself to various forms of opportunism, to the citizens' minds and feelings, to social structures and means—to anything it could put its hands on. It has utilized every crisis as an opportunity to gather wealth and to strengthen its means of control.

The CCP's "Magic Weapons"

The CCP claims that revolutionary victory depends on three "magic weapons": the Party's construction, armed struggle, and united fronts. The experience with the KMT offered the CCP two more such "weapons": propaganda and espionage. The Party's various "magic weapons" have all been infused with the CCP's nine inherited traits: evil, deceit, incitement, unleashing the scum of society, espionage, robbery, fighting, elimination, and control.

Marxism-Leninism is evil in its nature. Ironically, the Chinese Communists do not really understand Marxism-Leninism. Lin Biao [17] said that there were very few CCP members who had really read the works of Marx or Lenin. The public considered Qu Qiubai [18] an ideologue, but he admitted to have only read a very little of Marxism-Leninism. Mao Zedong's ideology is a rural version of what Marxism-Leninism advocates for rebellious peasants. Deng Xiaoping's socialist theory has capitalism as its last name. Jiang Zemin's "Three Represents" [19] was pieced together out of nothing. The CCP has never really understood what Marxism-Leninism is, but has inherited from it the evil aspects, upon which the CCP has foisted off its own even more wicked stuff.

The CCP's united front is a conjunction of deceit and short-term pay-offs. The goal of unity was to strengthen its power. By combining forces in battles against the Japanese, the CCP could grow from a loner to a huge clan. Unity required discernment—identifying who were enemies and who were friends; who were on the left, in the middle, on the right; who should be befriended and when, and who should be attacked and when. It easily turned former enemies into friends and then back to enemies again. For example, during the period of the democratic revolution, the party allied with the capitalists; during the socialist revolution it eliminated the capitalists. In another example, leaders of other parties such as Zhang Bojun and Luo Longji were made use of as supporters of the CCP during the period of seizing state power, but later were persecuted as "rightists."

The Communist Party Is a Sophisticated Professional Gang

The Communist Party has used two-sided strategies, one side soft and flexible and the other hard and stern. Its softer strategies include propaganda, united fronts, espionage, double-dealing, getting into people's minds, brainwashing, lies and deception, covering up the truth, psychological abuse, and generating an atmosphere of terror. In doing these things, the CCP creates a syndrome of fear inside the Party members' hearts that leads them easily to forget the Party's mistakes. These myriad methods could stamp out human nature and foster maliciousness in humanity. The CCP's hard tactics include violence, persecution, political movements, killing and destroying lives, kidnapping, suppressing different voices, armed attacks, periodic crack-downs, etc. These aggressive methods create and perpetuate terror.

The CCP uses both soft and hard methods concurrently. Sometimes they would be relaxed in some instances while strict in others, or they would be relaxed on the outside while stiff in their internal affairs. In a relaxed atmosphere, the CCP encouraged the expression of different opinions, but, as if luring the snake out of its hole, those who did speak up would only be persecuted in the following period of strict control. The CCP often used democracy to challenge the KMT, but when intellectuals in the CCP-controlled areas disagreed with the party, they would be tortured or even beheaded. As an example, we can look at the infamous "Wild Lilies incident", in which the intellectual Wang Shiwei was purged in the Yan'an rectification movement and executed by the CCP in 1947.

A veteran official who had suffered torments in the Yan'an Rectification movement recalled that when he was under intense pressure, dragged and forced to confess, the only thing he could do was to betray his own conscience and make up lies. At first, he felt bad to be implicating and framing his fellow comrades. He hated himself so much that he wanted to end his life. Coincidentally, a gun had been placed on the table. He grabbed it and, pointing it at his head, pulled the trigger. The gun had no bullets! The person who investigated him walked in and said, "It's good that you admitted what you've done was wrong. The Party's policies are lenient." The Communist Party would know that you had reached your limit, know that you were "loyal" to the Party, so you had passed the test. Years later, this official learned about Falun Gong, a Qigong and cultivation practice that started in China. He felt the practice to be good. When the persecution of Falun Gong started, however, his painful memories of the past revisited him, and he no longer dared to say that Falun Gong is good.

The experience of Emperor Puyi [20] was similar to this officer's. Imprisoned in the CCP's cells and seeing other people killed, he thought that he would die soon. In order to live, he allowed himself to be brainwashed and cooperated with the prison guards. Later, he wrote an autobiography The First Half of My Life, which was used by the CCP as an example of ideological remolding.

According to modern medical studies, many victims of intense pressure and isolation fall prey to an abnormal sense of dependency on their captors known as the Stockholm Syndrom. The victims' moods, happiness or anger, joy or sorrow, would be dictated by those of their captors. The slightest favor for the victims will be received with deep gratitude. There are accounts in which the victims develop "love" for their captors. This psychological phenomenon has been long known and successfully used by the CCP against its enemies and in controlling the minds of its citizens.

The Communist Party Uses and Discards Its Leaders While Resisting Reform

The first ten general secretaries of the CCP have, without exception, all been labeled anti-communists. Clearly, the CCP has a life of its own, and the party runs the officials and not the other way around. In Jiangxi province, during the war with the KMT, the CCP is known to have conducted internal cleansing operations, executing its own soldiers—stoning them to death to save bullets. In Shaanxi province, while sandwiched in between the Japanese and the KMT, the CCP began the Yan'an rectification movement of mass cleansing, killing many. This type of repetitive massacre on such a massive scale did not prevent the CCP from expanding its power to all of China. The CCP imported this pattern of killing from the Soviet Union.

The CCP is like a malignant tumor: in its rapid development, the center of the tumor has already died, but it continues to engulf all organisms on the outer edges, expanding its influence. The organisms and bodies that are engulfed by the tumor became part of the cancer. No matter how good or bad a person is to start with, after joining the CCP, he or she would become a part of its destructive force. The more honest the person is, the more destructive he would become. Undoubtedly, this CCP tumor will continue to grow until there is nothing left for it to feed upon. Then, the cancer will surely die.

The founder of the CCP, Chen Duxiu, was an intellectual and a leader of the May Fourth student movement. He showed himself not a fan of violence, and warned the CCP members that if they attempted to convert the KMT to the communist ideologies or had too much interest in power, that would certainly lead to strained relationships. While one of the most active in the May Fourth generation, Chen was also tolerant. However, he was the first to be labeled a "right-wing opportunist."

Another CCP leader, Qu Qiubai, believed that the CCP members should engage in battles, organize rebellions, overthrow authorities, and use extreme means to return the Chinese society to its normal functioning. However, he confessed before his death that he did not want to die as a revolutionary, since he had left the movement long time ago. He sighed that history played a trick, bringing him, an intellectual, onto the political stage of revolution and keeping him there for many years. In the end, he said he still could not overcome his own gentry notions. "I cannot become a warrior of the proletariat class."

The CCP leader Wang Ming, at the advice of the Comintern, advocated for unity with the KMT in the war against the Japanese, instead of expanding the CCP base. At the CCP meetings, Mao Zedong and Zhang Wentian could not persuade this fellow comrade, nor could they reveal the truth of their situation: according to the limited military strength of the Red Army, they would not be able to hold back the Japanese by themselves. If, against good sense, the CCP would have decided to fight, then the history of China would certainly be different. Mao Zedong was forced to remain silent at the meetings. Later, Wang Ming was ousted, first for a "left wing" deviation and then branded an opportunist of the right wing ideology.

Hu Yaobang, another party Secretary, who was forced to resign in January of 1987, fought to bring justice to many innocent victims who had been criminalized during the Cultural Revolution. He wanted to rejuvenate Communism in the hearts of the citizens. Still, he was used as a scapegoat in the end.

Zhao Ziyang, the most recent fallen Secretary [21], wanted to help the CCP in furthering reform, yet his actions brought him dire consequences.

So what has each leader of the CCP accomplished? Truly to reform the CCP would imply its death. The reformers quickly found their power taken away by the CCP. There is a certain limit on what the CCP members can do to transform the CCP system. All rely on the power rendered by the CCP itself, and so no true reform can succeed with the CCP.

If the Party leaders have all turned into "bad people," how could the CCP have expanded the revolution? In many instances when the CCP was at its best—also the most evil, their highest officials failed in their positions. This was because their degree of evil did not meet the high standard of the Party, which has, over and over, selected only the most evil. Many Party leaders ended their political life in tragedy, yet the CCP has survived. The CCP leaders who survived their positions were not those who could influence the Party, but those who could comprehend the Party's intentions and follow them. They strengthened the CCP's ability to survive while in crisis, and gave themselves entirely to the Party. No wonder they were capable of battling with heaven, fighting with the earth, and struggling against other human beings. But never could they oppose the Party. In the CCP organization, especially at the high level, there was a symbiotic relationship between the leaders and the Party, pursuing their own mutual survival.

Shamelessness has become a marvelous quality of today's CCP. According to the Party, its mistakes were all made by individual Party leaders, e.g., Zhang Guotao or the Gang of Four [22]. Mao Zedong was judged by the Party as having 3 parts mistakes and 7 parts achievements, while Deng Xiaoping judged himself to have 4 parts mistakes and 6 parts achievements, but the Party itself was never wrong. Even if the Party was wrong, it says that it can correct itself. Therefore, the Party tells its members to "look forward" and "not to be tangled in past accounts." Many things could change: The Communist paradise can turn into a lowly goal of socialist food and shelter; Marx could be replaced with "Three Represents"; people would not be surprised to see that the country is becoming democratic, opening up the freedom of belief, abandoning Jiang Zemin overnight, or redressing the persecution of Falun Gong. Other things about the CCP, however, do not change: The fundamental pursuit of the Party's goals—survival and maintenance of its power and control.

The CCP has mixed violence, terror and high-pressure indoctrination to form its theoretical basis, which is then turned into the Party principles, the spirit of its leaders, and ultimately the Party's entire functioning mechanism and members' way of acting. The system, its leaders and members all have assimilated to these ideas. The Communist Party is made of iron and its disciplines have the hardness of steel. The intention of all its members must be unified, and the action of all its members must completely comply with the Party's political agenda.

IV. Conclusion
Why has history chosen the Communist Party over any other political force in China? As we all know, in this world there are two forces, two choices. One is the old and evil, whose goal is to do evil and choose the negative. The other is the righteous and good, which will choose the right and the benevolent. The CCP was chosen by the old forces. The reason for the choice is precisely because the CCP has gathered all the evil of the world, Chinese or foreign, past or present. It is a typical representative of the evil forces. At its inception, the CCP used people's inborn innocence and benevolence to cheat, and, step by step, it has prevailed in gaining today's capacity to destroy.

What did the Party mean when it claimed that there would be no new China without the Communist Party? From its founding in 1921 until it took political power in 1949, the evidence clearly shows that without deceit and violence, the CCP would not be in power. The CCP differs from all other types of organizations in that it follows a twisted ideology of Marxism-Leninism, and does what it pleases. It can explain all that it does with high theories and link them cleverly to certain portions of the masses, thus "justifying" its actions. It broadcasts propaganda every day, clothing its strategies in various principles and theories and proving itself to be forever correct.

The development of the CCP has been a process of the accumulation of evil. The history of the CCP tells us precisely its illegitimacy. The Chinese people did not choose the CCP; instead, the CCP forced Communism, this foreign evil specter, onto the Chinese people by applying the evil traits that it has inherited from the Communist Party—evil, deceit, incitement, unleashing the scum of society, espionage, robbery, fighting, elimination, and control.

[12] The Northern Expedition was a military campaign led by Chiang Kai-shek in 1927 intended to unify China under the rule of the KMT and end the rule of local warlords. It was largely successful in these objectives. During the Northern Expedition, the CCP had an alliance with the KMT.
[13] The revolutionary movement during the CCP-KMT alliance, marked by the Northern Expedition.
[14] Sun Yat-sen, founder of the modern China.
[15] The National Revolutionary Army controlled by the KMT, was the national army of the Republic of China. During the period of the CCP-KMT alliance, it included CCP members who joined the alliance.
[16] On April 12, 1927, the KMT led by Chiang Kai-shek initiated a military operation against the CCP in Shanghai and several other cities. Over 5,000 to 6,000 of the CCP members were captured and many of them were killed in Shanghai between April 12 and the end of 1927.
[17] Lin Biao (1907-1971), one of the senior CCP leaders, served under Mao Zedong as a member of China's Politburo, as Vice-Chairman (1958) and Defense Minister (1959). Lin is regarded as the architect of China's Great Cultural Revolution. Lin was designated as Mao's successor in 1966 but fell out of favor in 1970. Sensing his downfall, Lin reportedly became involved in a coup attempt and attempted to flee to the USSR once the alleged plot became exposed. During his attempted flight from prosecution, his plane crashed in Mongolia, resulting in his death.
[18] Qu Qiubai (1899-1935) is one of the CCP's earlier leaders and famous leftist writers. He was captured by KMT on February 23, 1935 and died on June 18 the same year.
[19] The "Three Represents" was initially mentioned in a speech by Jiang Zemin in February, 2000. According to this doctrine, the Party must always represent the development trend of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people.
[20] Pu-yi, Manchurian name Aisin Gioro (1906–1967), the last emperor (1908–1912) of China, ruled under the name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the Forbidden City of Beijing until 1924. After 1925, he lived in the Japanese concession in Tianjin. In 1934, and, reigning under the name K'ang Te, he became the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, or Manchuria. He was captured by the Russians in 1945 and kept as their prisoner. In 1946, Pu Yi testified at the Tokyo war crimes trial that he had been the unwilling tool of the Japanese militarists and not, as they claimed, the instrument of Manchurian self-determination. In 1950 he was handed over to the Chinese Communists, and he was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when Mao Zedong granted him amnesty.
[21] The last of the ten general secretaries of the CCP that was dismissed due to his disagreement with using force to end the student demonstrations in the Tiananmen Square in 1989.
[22] The 'Gang of Four' was formed by Mao Zedong's wife Jiang Qing (1913-1991), Shanghai Propaganda Department official Zhang Chunqiao (1917-1991), literary critic Yao Wenyuan (1931) and Shanghai security guard Wang Hongwen (1935-1992). They rose to power during the Great Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and dominated Chinese politics during the early 1970s.

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